Dental work sometimes requires the performance of procedures that are somewhat invasive in nature. Root canals or tooth extractions, for example, will involve significant pressure and cutting into the gums. To prevent the ordeal from becoming excruciating for patients, a dentist will likely administer anesthesia to limit the intensity of pain felt. Typically, a dental professional will use one of three types of anesthesia – local, sedation, and general.
The type of anesthesia your dentist uses will depend on the procedure as well as your medical history. For more information about the different forms of anesthesia and how they are used, contact an Austin dental professional of BridgeView Dental at 512-347-8299.
Depending on your operation and need for pain management, one or more of the following approaches to anesthesia may be utilized:
- Topical local anesthesia. This form of anesthesia is generally applied with a swab on the surface of the gums.
- After topical local anesthesia is applied, dentists will then typically use lidocaine, an injectable anesthesia to block the pain-transmitting nerves.
- Sedatives, such as nitrous oxide. This form of anesthesia helps calm and relax the patient and is typically used along with local anesthesia.
- The most aggressive type is general anesthesia, which is typically reserved for the most complicated procedures or surgeries as patients will be rendered unconscious.
If you have questions about the different forms of anesthesia and how they will affect your body, be sure to speak with a dental professional before your procedure.